I've been thinking about writing something on plays or musicals set around and about Christmas and in so doing, one in particular stuck out in my memory more than any other. What's funny is that when I saw it on stage in 1991, it was a hot January summer afternoon in Los Angeles. And for those one hundred minutes, I was magically transported to the week of Christmas 1975 in New York City (aided immeasurably by David Mitchell's wonderful Upper East Side apartment design set at United Nations Plaza, complete with a view of the East River and a giant Christmas tree). When I walked out of the Henry Fonda Theatre, immediately blinded by the sun-drenched street on Hollywood Boulevard, it hit me that what I had seen was something I possibly would never see the likes of again. And over the past thirty years, it came to be, well... true.

I'm talking about Robert Morse in Tru, a one-man play that, by the time I caught up with it, had just ended its year-long Broadway run and was on a long national tour. In Jay Presson Allens' script (that she also directed) the writer Truman Capote comes alive on stage at a very bad time in his life (of which he had many). For the play's setting, Allen chose when the recently published excerpts in Esquire Magazine of his new novel Answered Prayers was met with stunned silence by friends, many of whom appeared in thinly-veiled portrayals. All felt betrayed by the revealing of intimate conversations, But as Capote asks in the play, "Didn’t those people understand they were talking to an artist? Isn’t all fair in war and art?"

Truman Capote, circa 1968.

In spite of being a fine and successful writer, Capote led a tortured life, made worse by addictions to alcohol and pills. What Allen captures in her play is Capote's voracious wit, and although often drenched in self-pity, the voice that emerges is more than just the ramblings from your average unreliable narrator. As proof the play wasn't only Morse's triumph, it has had a life beyond its original production, allowing for other actors to showcase their ability to channel Capote. But for Morse it was a singular sensation; one that came after many long years in the theatrical wilderness. "You want to move into character parts and it's very difficult because people know you as that boyish Bobby Morse."

"That grin of impetuous youth" — Robert Morse in "How to Succeed" (1961).

Interestingly, the role was originally meant for someone else: composer/singer and sometime actor Paul Williams, who shared an Oscar with Barbra Streisand for "Evergreen" and also wrote "The Rainbow Connection," among many others. At 5'2," he made perfect sense to play the 5' 3" Capote. But when the creative team was faced with his backing out of the production, Jay Presson Allen and casting director Pat McCorkle were yielding little in the way of appropriate replacements. Finally, in exasperation more than anything else, McCorkle said, "What about Robert Morse? He's short." And as for his credits mostly being that of a comedic actor, Allen was later said to remark: "Comedians do the hardest thing there is... it's a lot easier for them to make the transition into drama than the other way around... I needed someone who could take the stage, grab an audience by the nape of the neck and give it a good shake. As a musical comedy performer, Bobby is used to doing that.''

Thus, Morse found himself with the second greatest part of his career. He won his second Tony (becoming one of the tiny handful of people to win for leads in a musical and a play). And when Tru was taped live in its Chicago production for PBS's American Playhouse in 1993, he won the Emmy as Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Special. What Morse did was not so much imitate Capote's high-pitched, lisping sound, but suggest it by way of his indelible persona, which made it completely his own. Almost unrecognizable under latex jowls and a fake double chin courtesy of makeup design by Kevin Haney (wig by Paul Huntley), it was also Morse's idea to dramatically rip it off in the wings, coming out with it hanging half off his face during the curtain call. And as he told me, it was NOT his writer/director Jay Presson Allen's idea... but let me tell you: it worked. The audience went wild.

Robert Morse as Truman Capote in "Tru" (1989). Photo by Martha Swope.

And though he knew a great part when he saw one, Morse was terrified of taking on the burden of a one-man show. At the point when the play was being readied, Morse had most definitely stumbled a bit. He was fifty-nine, living in Los Angeles, and employed in whatever regional theatre jobs he could find, along with the occasional TV or voiceover gig. To say it was hardly fulfilling for an actor of his talent and resume is to understate it. So when the offer came, Morse knew it had the potential to change his fortunes, but he also had serious doubts he was up for it. By the time rehearsals started, Morse realized "I'm the only one. It wasn't like you could say, 'Time out. Will you work with the dancers while I relax?'"

It went deeper than that. Confessing in a New York Times interview around Christmas of 1989, prior to the show's opening on Broadway, he said: ''All your life you have these little secrets... you wonder if you will ever get a dramatic role that touches every part of you. It was the first time I'd been afforded the opportunity. I didn't want to fumble it.'' And during the play's tryout at Vassar College in July of 1989, Morse worked as hard as he ever had in his life, with the payoff being a booking at the Booth Theatre and an opening night the week before Christmas of that year to reviews that overwhelmingly praised his performance. In the spring of 1990, he won the Tony Award over Dustin Hoffman (The Merchant of Venice), Charles Dutton (The Piano Lesson) and Tom Hulce (A Few Good Men) with his speech one of the most joyous in the history of the televised broadcasts (and what irony that Matthew Broderick is present on stage, as he would go on to play Finch in the first How To Succeed Broadway revival five years later):

After Tru, it wasn't until 2007 when the third act of Morse's career began with his role as Bertram Cooper on the award winning AMC TV series Mad Men. His casting always felt like it was pre-destined, what with his background as J. Pierrepont Finch of the Worldwide Wicket Corporation in How To Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, but it wasn't actually the case. As series creator Matthew Weiner told the Wall Street Journal in 2008: "We mostly wanted unknowns in the cast. I felt that Robert was too famous, and I also didn't want to be winking at the audience. But when he read for us, I thought 'this is a great actor.' He's one of those performers like Christopher Walken who has such a peculiar cadence and such a naturally strange take that you never know what it's going to sound like, but you know it's going to be real. Everything I give him he hits out of the park."

Once again, by sheer talent, Morse slipped into another remarkable role. "My first day I went on the set," he recalled, "I thought I’d walked into the road company production of How to Succeed."

Robert Morse as Bertram Cooper singing his swan so wan song in S of "Mad Men."

As things happen in life, about a dozen years ago, Morse's young daughter Allyn became best friends with my daughter Charlotte while both were in high school. As a result, suddenly I got to know this wonderful guy who I now consider a dear and most cherished friend. It's important to note that among the wannabe actors of my generation, I wasn't alone in growing up with a touch of hero worship where Morse was concerned. When at age eighteen I got cast as Finch in How to Succeed, I got to take on his defining role — and believe me, I already knew the words to every song. There I was, a not terribly tall comedic actor with a perfectly okay singing voice, which meant total identification with Morse; the perfect role model for my height challenged, non-John Raitt self. There's no question his career during the 1960s and early '70s was one I dreamed of carving out for myself. That dream may not have come completely true, but look what I got instead:

There IS a brotherhood of man (myself and Mr. Morse).

On the day I officially interviewed him for my book Up in the Cheap Seats, he arrived at my house in Los Angeles where I met him in the driveway. Although we had become friendly by this point, I had to level with him. With emotion, I blurted out to him, "Bobby, I don't know where to begin to tell you what it means to me, after all the years I spent as a kid in my bedroom on Long Island singing along with you on the How To Succeed record, to have you to my home today." He gave me a big hug, and later on, after we'd exhausted a great deal of talk on his sixty-year career, this quote is the one I most cherish:

“You have just floored me with this information. I mean I go around pretty fucking depressed most of the time. It’s lonely at the top [laughing]. But what you’ve regaled me with— this conversation— has buoyed me up! It’s touched me… and it’s going to last at least an hour!” 

If you enjoy these columns, check out Up in the Cheap Seats: A Historical Memoir of Broadway, available at in hardcover, softcover and e-book. And please feel free to email me with comments or questions at

Write a comment ...

Ron Fassler

Ron Fassler is a theatre historian, drama critic and author of "Up in the Cheap Seats: A Historical Memoir of Broadway."